Category Archives: Flowers for Pollinators

Wildflower Garden Ideas

These pictures should give a idea why a corner planted with wildflowers looks do much natural abd is full of life than a dead evenly green lawn…

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Every farm should have one of these … ” c/- @PaulRobertson

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Borage for Pollinators

Attracts bees.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borage

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Borage is a self seeding plant and considered to be invasive by some gardeners. Which is indeed not true as Borage spreads above the ground and not below like some plants like mint for example which build a extensive and hard to control root system. Unwanted borage plants are very easy to remove and to keep in control as long as the unwanted plants are being weeded out  before mid-summer to prevent them from flowering and setting more seeds.

http://allotmentgardens.wordpress.com/2012/04/08/how-to-grow-borage/

Borage has beautiful star shaped flowers which has given the plant the name star flower and is loved by the whole spectrum of the bee family. But it acts also as a natural pest control as it repels tomato hornworms and cabbage worms.

 

 

Health Benefits of Borage:

Borage contains many notable phyto-nutrients, minerals such as calcium, potassium, manganese, copper, zinc, and magnesium and vitamins such as the B-complex vitamins (B1,B2,B3, B6 and folate) vitamin C, A and carotenes which are both very powerful flavonoid and anti oxidant compounds. The herb parts also contain essential fatty acidgamma-linolenic acid (GLA), typically in concentrations of 17-20%. )

-anti-depressant

 

-relaxing properties (though it should not be taken during pregnancy).

 

-restoration of joint health

 

-supports and strengthens the immune system

 

-supports wound healing in general

 

-helps to heal inflamed or infected cuts

 

– helps to heal insect bites

 

-has anti viral properties

 

-creates healthy skin and mucus membranes

 

-helps to remove harmful free radicals from the body

 

– anti aging

 

-strengthens vision

 

-can help in preventing lung and oral cavity

cancers

 

-controls heart rate and blood pressure

 

-determines the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

 

-helps to lower LDL cholesterol levels

 

Note:

Some herbalists state that borage might be toxic to the liver which could come in my opinion from using pesticides as Borage has been consumed and eaten by thousands of people for centuries in complete safety.

However it is always good to be moderate in your consumption. (In large amounts, borage may have a diuretic effect.)

 

Borage tastes like cucumber and can act as a flavoring substitute.

The smaller, younger leaves are best in fresh salads or chopped up and added to soups or sautéed dishes.

(If you don’t want to eat them you can use the leaves to flavour a meal during cooking and then take them out before serving).

-soups

-salads

-with Cream Cheese Spread

-Candied Borage Flowers

 

-Freezing borage flowers in ice cubes is a fun addition to gin and tonic or summer drinks.

-borage vinegar

 

by Karin Wybauw

 

Red and White Clover for Pollinators

Attracts Butterflies (amongst other pollinators)

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http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clover

Many people cringe when they see white or red clover in their lawn while these wildflowers can make beautiful alternative laws, buzzing with pollinators…The idea of a green carpet seems horrible to me as I grew up with a regular mowed lawn with these flowers in it which I enjoyed the white clover eating when I was young. Both the red and the white clover are adaptable to many soil types and fix nitrogen which is a plus for soil fertility.
They flower from May to October. Caterpillars use it as a food source and the seeds are eaten by birds including the wild turkey.

RED CLOVER :

is considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones (known collectively as phytoestrogens). It also contains coumarins.

Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, lecithin, silicium, vitamins A, E, C, B2, and B3 and presence of the anti-inflammatory compounds eugenol, myricetin and salicylic

-may slow bone loss in women during menopause therfore lowers the risk of osteoporosis

– may boost bone mineral density in pre and peri-menopausal women

-may prevent or relieve estrogen-related symptoms, such as breast pain, that are associated with PMS

-may also reduce the possibility of developing estrogen-dependent cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus)

-may prevent prostate cancer in men

-reduces hot flashes during menopause

-definite limiting effect in the development of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland

-helps to prevent heart disease in several ways

-helps keep the blood from becoming thick and gummy,therefore, the possibility of forming blood clots and arterial plaques may be reduced

-may helps the arteries to remain strong and flexible, therfore helping to prevent some of the plaque deposits that lead to a heart attack or a stroke

-relieving the pain of both eczema and psoriasis

-acne, psoriasis, eczemas, insect stings, abscesses or ulcerations treatment

-for sores

-for burns

-as an aid against skin cancer

-acts as a blood purifier,” specifically for the potential treatment of cancer

-reduces inflammation during arthritis.

-good for general health

-reduces the symptoms affections such as syphilis

-relaxes the muscles

-relaxing effect on the nervous system

-excellent vaginal and urinal relaxant

-decreases pains and ocular inflammations

-adjusts the psycho-emotional balance and contributing to the development of communication abilities

-in cases of gout, it is useful for decreasing the concentration of uric acid

 

 

RED AND WHITE CLOVER :

-detoxifies the lymph, lungs, liver, kidneys, and blood

-good for the digestive system.

– blood purifier

-soothes the spasms of the bronchi, convulsive cough and children’s cough

-it is anti-asthmatic

 

 

WHITE CLOVER:

-reduces the spasm of whooping-cough

-detoxifies the lymph, lungs, liver, kidneys, and blood

-good for the digestive system.

– blood purifier

-soothes the spasms of the bronchi, convulsive cough and children’s cough

-it is anti-asthmatic.

by Karin Wybauw

Bramble for Pollinators

Bramble

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bramble

 

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Many like the berries of the brumble bush but not the plant as they think that the plant spread everywhere and cannot be controlled. Yes it is a opportunity plant and can take any space that isn’t used, but it can be controlled and grown like a hedge fence when trimmed regularly.Once established it will keep large predators such as cats out.Below is a link where you can find more information how to grow it in your wildlife garden. (I have even seen it once grown in a small back garden for years on poles like wine.) Away from being a Bee and Butterfly attractant it provides food for certain caterpillars and some grazing animals, such as rabbits and particularly deer. Caterpillars of the Concealer moth Alabonia geoffrella have been found feeding inside dead blackberry shoots.

The fruit is eaten by birds and small mammals such as the wood mouse. They help to distribute the seeds via their droppings. Birds such as the white throat and grasshopper warbler build their nests inside the thickets.

http://gardeningwithcharlie.com/how-to-grow-brambles.html

 

Health Benefits and therapeutic uses of the bramble plant and berries:

 

The leaves and the bark of the root of the bramble plant contain tannin while the fruit contains pectin, albumen, citric and malic acids, anthocyanins which have powerful antioxidant properties and help, along with those of vitamin K, C and E and the polyphenols present in blackberries, to make the berry one of the top fruits in the antioxidant stakes…They also contain calcium, manganese, iron, phosphorous and magnesium, potassium, zinc, copper and traces of selenium.

 

– can help to prevent cancer in particular colon cancer.

-stave off the risk of strokes and heart disease

-remedy for dysentery.

-remedy for diarrhoea

-bleeding gums

– sore throat

-sore mouth

– colds

-mild fevers

-calms spasms of whooping-cough

-on the skin to treat piles

-helpful for bumps, bruises, burns and minor injuries

-helps with haemorrhoids and varicosis

-for small kidney and bladder stones

 

by Karin Wybauw

Here is a bit more information like certain recipes.

https://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/b/blaber49.html

 

http://whisperingearth.co.uk/2010/09/23/bramble-medicine/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comfrey for Pollinators

Comfrey

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comfrey
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Comfrey is being considered by some as weed but it is far away from being that…
The large leaves provide shade and shelter for small animals, birds, insects and frogs while pollinators love the flowers..
Comfrey has thick far reaching roots which access minerals that are deep in the soil and make the plant rich in potassium and nitrogen and has therfore become a important plant for organic gardening. The leaves can be cut several times a year to make an organic slug control, liquid fertiliser, leaf mould and compost activator.
It should not be harvested in its first season as it needs to become established. The flowering stems should be removed in its first year as it will weaken the plants.Comfrey should also be regularly watered until well established.Bees, ants, ladybirds and scarlet tiger moth caterpillar love it.

Read more:
http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/comfrey-leaves-zmaz74zhol.aspx#axzz31GYzOXYE

Health Benefits and therapeutic uses of comfrey:

Comfrey offers therapeutic benefits but is has to be taken carefully as it can intoxicate the liver.In the past is was taken for bronchial problems, gastric and varicose ulcers for bone and teeth building properties in children, and for treating many female disorders.
Constituents of comfrey include mucilage, steroidal saponins, tannins, pyrrolizidine alkaloids, inulin, and proteins. But it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). (….. there are also non-hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids.) Because of these PAs, the internal use of Comfrey can lead to veno-occlusive disease (VOD). VOD can in turn lead to liver failure.Comfrey, taken in extreme amounts, has been implicated in at least one death.
So best is external use only!!!

by Karin Wybauw

Uses :

-influence the course of bone ailments
(Comfrey contains allantoin, a cell proliferant that speeds up the natural replacement of body cells).
-broken bones
-sprains
-back pain
-arthritis
-severe burns
-acne and other skin conditions.

Black Eyed Susan for Pollinators

Attracts butterflies (amongst other pollinators)

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudbeckia_hirta
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Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) will brighten up your garden with its yellow-orange petals and its contrasting raised purple-black center. This flower is great for borders, mass-plantings, or backgrounds and grows quite well in sun or partial shade. It is also wonderful to use as a cut flower. The 2-3 foot tall plant blooms from summer to fall and is easy to grow. Not only will you enjoy the Black-eyed Susan in your garden, the butterflies, bees and birds like colibris will love it! http://m.almanac.com/plant/black-eyed-susans

Health Benefits and Therapeutic uses:

-root tea for parasitic worms,
-colds
-external wash for sores
-minor cuts, sores, scrapes,swellings
-wash for snake bites
-immune system stimulant
(even more effective than the better known medicinal plant Echinacea.)
– diuretic properties – increases the urine flow
-dropsy treatment

by Karin Wybauw

Yarrow for Pollinators

 

Attracts Butterflies (amongst other pollinators)

 

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achillea_millefolium

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Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) comes in different colors and attracts butterflies. It’s a hardy North American native. The cultivated varieties have become staples in gardens around the world. Achillea are great filler plants and edgers.Bees,bumble, beetle, fly and beneficial, aphid-eating hoverflies will be attracted by yarrow. Larvae of the yarrow pug moth will also feed on this species.

 

 

Health Benefits and therapeutic uses of yarrow:

Diaphoretic, astringent, tonic, stimulant and mild aromatic.

 

-tea as a remedy for severe colds

(Recommended in early stages of children’s colds, measles or other eruptive diseases)

-very useful in the commencement of fevers

-upper respiratory congestion relief

-stops hemorrhaging in the lungs

-great for detoxifying and cleansing the blood

-helps to regulate blood sugar

– lowers blood pressure

-opens pores

-good for kidney disorders

-helps reduce urinary tract infections and irritations

-stops wound bleeding.

-used in many ways to relief headaches

-hemorrhoid threatment

-great digestive aid

-skin care wash to treat acne and eczema

-essential oil used for joint inflammation

-ease menstrual discomfort and disorders

-chewing on the purple part of the plant numbs toothaches and eases stomach aches

 

 

Many believe that the reason the yarrow plant is so beneficial in treating such a wide range of ailments is because it contains the acid, salicylic, which is also found in aspirin.

by Karin Wybauw